¿Cómo, por quién y para qué? Investigación y labor creativa en el estudio de desastres en Puerto Rico

Tania López Marrero, Tamara Heartsill Scalley

Resumen


En el año 2017 el huracán María impactó el archipiélago de Puerto Rico como un huracán de categoría 4. A raíz de esa experiencia surge el libro Un cambio categoría 4: Memorias del huracán María, el cual incluye las narrativas personales de 15 estudiantes de pregrado de la Universidad de Puerto Rico. En este artículo documentamos el proceso de producción y diseminación del libro. Describimos cómo dicho proceso representó un mecanismo para afrontar las condiciones posteriores al desastre, además de aportar al desarrollo académico y profesional de los estudiantes. Ejemplificamos cómo el libro contribuye a las aspiraciones del manifiesto ‘Poder, prestigio y valores olvidados: Un manifiesto de los estudios sobre desastres’, el cual destaca, entre otras cosas, la necesitad de producción de conocimiento por parte de aquellos que sufren los impactos de los desastres de manera que se reflejen adecuadamente las realidades locales en las que se desatan los desastres y que, además, redunden en beneficio a aquellos que viven en riesgo y experimentan los mismos. En ese contexto reflexionamos y sugerimos unas áreas de énfasis para adelantar los objetivos del manifiesto, de manera específica, y del estudio de desastres y reducción de riesgo, de manera más amplia.


Palabras clave


Desastres, Narrativa personal, Participación, Comunicación, Reflexión, Investigación de pregrado, Labor creativa, Huracán María, Puerto Rico

Texto completo:

PDF

Referencias


Abbott, L.E., Andes, A., Pattani, A.C., & Mabrouk, P.A. (2020). Authorship Not Taught and Not Caught in Undergraduate Research Experiences at a Research University. Science and engineering ethics, 26(5), 2555-2599. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11948-020-00220-6  

Barreto-Orta, M., Méndez-Tejeda, R., Rodríguez, E., Cabrera, N., Díaz, E., & Pérez, K. (2019). State of the beaches in Puerto Rico after Hurricane María (2017). Shore & Beach, 87(1), 16-23.

Benach, J., Rivera-Díaz, M., Muñoz, N.J., Martínez-Herrero, F., & Pericas, J.M. (2019). What the Puerto Rican hurricanes make visible: Chronicle of a public health disaster. Social Science & Medicine, 238, 112367.

Bonilla, Y. & Lebrón, M. (Eds.). (2019). Aftershocks of Disaster: Puerto Rico Before and After the Storm. Haymarket Books.

Cangialosi, J.P., Latto, A. S., & Berg, R. (2018, Junio 30). Hurricane Irma (AL112017). https://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL112017_Irma.pdf

Clark, T. (2008). `We’re Over-Researched Here!’: Exploring Accounts of Research Fatigue within Qualitative Research Engagements. Sociology 42(5), 953-970. https://doi.org/10.1177/0038038508094573  

Colón, R., & Rodríguez, C. (2018). María. Soda Pop Comics.

Colón, R., Silva, S., Ramán, C. J., Rodríguez, R., González, W., Santiago, Y., Sáez, D., Cruz, M., Castor, Vélez, M., Robbins, J., & Richner, A. (2018). Nublado: Escombros de María. Soda Pop Comics. Colten, C. E., & Sumpter, A. R. (2009). Social memory and resilience in New Orleans. Natural Hazards 48, 355-364.https://doi.org/10.1007/s11069-008-9267-x

Colten, C., & Giancarlo, A. (2011). Losing resilience on the Gulf: hurricanes and social memory. Environment, 53(4), 7-18. https://doi.org/10.1080/00139157.2011.588548  

Curry, S. (2018). Words were a good start—now it is time for action. Nature, 554, 147.

Fontán & Mera, V. (1878). La memorable noche de San Narciso y los temblores de tierra. Imprenta Comercio.

García-López, G.A. (2018). The Multiple Layers of Environmental Injustice in Contexts of (Un)natural Disasters: The Case of Puerto Rico Post-Hurricane Maria. Environmental Justice, 11(3), 101-108. https://doi.org/10.1089/env.2017.0045  

Gaillard, J.C. (2018). Disaster studies inside out. Disasters, 43(1). https://doi.org/10.1111/disa.12323

Gaillard, J.C., & Gomez, C. (2015). Post-disaster research: Is there gold worth the rush? Jàmbá: Journal of Disaster Risk Studies, 7(1), a120. https://doi.org/10.4102/jamba.v7i1.120  

Gaillard, J.C., & Peek, L. (2019). Disaster-zone research needs a code of conduct. Nature, 575, 440-442.

George Washington University. (2018). Ascertainment of the Estimated Excess Mortality from Hurricane María in Puerto Rico. https://publichealth.gwu.edu/sites/default/files/downloads/projects/PRstudy/Acertainment%20of%20the%20Estimated%20Excess%20Mortality%20from%20Hurricane%20Maria%20in%20Puerto%20Rico.pdf

Kishore, N., Márques, D., Mahmud, A., Kiang, M. V., Rodríguez, I., Fuller, A., et al. (2018). Mortality in Puerto Rico after Hurricane Maria. The New England Journal of Medicine, 379(2), 162-170. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMsa1803972

Kwasinski, A., Andrade, F., Castro-Sitiriche, M. J., & O’Neill-Carrillo, E. (2019). Hurricane Maria Effects on Puerto Rico Electric Power Infrastructure. IEEE Power and Energy Technology Systems Journal, 6(1), 85-94.

López Marrero, T., & Castro Rivera, A. (2020). Actividad ciclónica en Puerto Rico y sus alrededores: 1867 al 2020. Centro Interdisciplinario de Estudios del Litoral.

López-Marrero, T., Heartsill-Scalley, T., Rivera-López, C. F., Escalera-García, I. A., & Echevarría-Ramos, M. (2019). Broadening Our Understanding of Hurricanes and Forests on the Caribbean Island of Puerto Rico: Where and What Should We Study Now? Forests, 10, 710. https://doi.org/10.3390/f10090710

López-Marrero, T., Arocho-Barreto, A. Cámara-Torres, I., Castillo-Rivera, N., Castro-Rivera, A., Colón- Rodríguez, H. B., Escalera-García, I. A., Echevarría-Ramos, M., Franqui-Lugo, G., García-Santiago, J. D., Graniela-Marty, N., Lorenzo-Pérez, M. A., Martínez-Guzmán, L., Rivera-López, C. F., Ríos- Santiago, E. A., & Sellas-Ramírez, G. E. (2018). Un cambio categoría 4: Memorias del huracán María. Centro Interdisciplinario de Estudios del Litoral.

Lugo. A. E. (2019). Social-Ecological-Technological effects of Hurricane María on Puerto Rico: Planning for Resilience Under Extreme Events. Springer.

Orsanic, L., & Fusaro Martínez, J. (Eds.). (2018). Pa la posteridad: Antologías sobre el paso del huracán María por Puerto Rico. Ediciones del Flamboyán.

Miller, S. (2018). Creating opportunities to collaborate amidst disaster: new opportunities for academia. Cities & Health, 2(2), 130-133. https://doi.org/10.1080/23748834.2018.1522994  

Moezzi, M., Janda, K. B., & Rotmann, S. (2017). Using stories, narratives, and storytelling in energy and climate change research. Energy Research & Social Science, 31, 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.erss.2017.06.034  

O’Keefe, P., Wesgate, K., & Wisner, B. (1976). Taking the naturalness out of natural disasters. Nature, 260, 566-567.

Pasch R. J., Penny A. B., & Berg, R. (2019, February 14). Tropical Cyclone Report: Hurricane Maria (AL152017). https://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL152017_Maria.pdf

Pérez Valentín, J.M., & Müller, M. F. (2020). Impact of Hurricane Maria on Beach Erosion in Puerto Rico: Remote Sensing and Causal Inference. Geographical Research Letters, e2020GL087306. https://doi.org/10.1029/2020GL087306  

Ramos-Sharrón, C.E., & Arima, E. (2019). Hurricane María’s Precipitation Signature in Puerto Rico: A Conceivable Presage of Rains to Come. Scientific Reports, 9, 15612. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-52198-2  

Rodríguez-Díaz, C.E. (2018). Maria in Puerto Rico: Natural Disaster in a Colonial Archipelago. American Journal of Public Health, 108(1), 30-32. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2017.304198  

Seymour, E., Hunter, A. B., Laursen, S. L., & DeAntoni, T. (2004). Establishing the benefits of research experiences for undergraduates in the sciences: First findings from a three-year study. Science education, 88(4), 493-534. https://doi.org/10.1002/sce.10131

Shahjahan, R.A., Blanco Ramírez, G., & Andreotti, V.D.O. (2017). Attempting to Imagine the Unimaginable: A Decolonial Reading of Global University Rankings. Comparative Educational Review, 61, 51-73.

Smith, L. T. (2012). Decolonizing Methodologies: Research and Indigenous Peoples. (2da ed.). Zed Books. Sou, G., & Cei D. J. (2019). Después de Maria: Recuperación dia a día de desastre. University of Manchester, U.K.

Stein, S., & Andreotti, V.D.O. (2016). Decolonization and higher education. In M. Peters (Ed.), Encyclopedia of educational philosophy and theory. Springerhttps://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-287-532-7_479-1

Stein, S., Andreotti, V., de Souza, L.M., Ahenakew, C., & Suša, R. (2020). Who decides? In whose name? For whose benefit? Decoloniality and its discontents. On Education. Journal for Research and Debate, 3(7). https://doi.org/10.17899/on_ed.2020.7.1  

Timothy, D.J. (2015). Impact factors: Influencing careers, creativity and academic freedom. Tourism Management, 51, 313-315. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2015.05.009  

Trott, C.D., Sample McMeeking, L.B., & Weinberg, A.E. (2020). Participatory action research experiences for undergraduates: forging critical connections through community engagement. Studies in Higher Education, 45(11), 2260-2273. https://doi.org/10.1080/03075079.2019.1602759  

Weltzin, J.F., Belote, R.T., Williams, L.T., Keller, J.K., & Engel, W.C. (2006). Authorship in ecology: attribution, accountability, and responsibility. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 4(8), 435- 441. https://doi.org/10.1890/1540-9295(2006)4[435:AIEAAA]2.0.CO;2  

Wilson, G. (2013). Community resilience, social memory and the post-2010 Christchurch (New Zealand) earthquakes. Area, 45(2), 207-215.

Wisner, B., Paton, D., Alisic, E., Eastwood, O., Shreve, C., & Fordham, M. (2018). Communication with Children and Families about Disaster: Reviewing Multi-disciplinary Literature 2015-2017. Current Psychiatry Reports, 20, 73. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11920-018-0942-7  

Wisner, B., Gaillard, J.C., & Kelman, I. (2012). Framing Disasters: Theories and Stories Seeking to Understand Hazards, Vulnerability and Risk. In B. Wisner, J. C. Gaillard, & I. Kelman (Eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Hazards and Disaster Risk Reduction (pp. 18-33). Routledge.

Wouters, P., Sugimoto, C.R., Larivière, V., McVeigh, M.E., Pulverer, B., de Rijcke, S., & Walman, L. (2019). Rethinking impact factors: find new ways to judge a journal. Nature, 569, 621-623.

Wylie, C.D. (2019). Socialization through stories of disaster in engineering laboratories. Social studies of science, 49(6), 817-838. https://doi.org/10.1177/0306312719880266

 


Enlaces refback

  • No hay ningún enlace refback.